Side effects

Negative effects A number of massive long-term research have proven {that a} day by day consumption of 1000–2500 mg of calcium salts is secure. Negative effects have been noticed solely…

Renal osteodystrophy

3.4.4 Renal osteodystrophy Renal osteodystrophy, additionally referred to as renal bone illness, is a bone mineralization deficiency seen in sufferers with persistent or end-stage renal failure. Vitamin D is normally…

Chemical structure of magnesium trisilicate (Mg2Si3O8)

Chemical structure of magnesium trisilicate (Mg2Si3O8) aluminium hydroxide [Al(OH)3] and magnesium and/or calcium preparations. Therefore, the mode of action will be further discussed in the chapter on aluminium-based drugs (see…

Beryllium oxide

The oxides of alkaline earth metals have the final components MO and are typically primary. Beryllium oxide (BeO) is fashioned by the ignition of beryllium steel in an oxygen ambiance….

Alkaline Earth Metals

Alkaline Earth Metals Members of group 2 of the periodic desk (second vertical column) are referred to as earth alkaline metals. On this group are included the next parts: beryllium…

Potassium

Potassium and its clinical application Potassium has atomic number 19 and the chemical symbol K, which is derived from its Latin name ‘kalium’. Potassium was first isolated from potash, which…

Alkali Metal

Alkali Metals 37 Urine manufacturing takes place inside the kidney, extra particularly on the nephrons that are the useful models of the kidneys. Roughly 150–180 of plasma is filtered day…

pharmacological targets

What are the pharmacological targets of lithium? The exact mechanism of motion of lithium ions as temper stabilisers is unknown. Present analysis exhibits that there are two foremost targets within…

Chemical structures

Chemical structures of (a) lithium carbonate, (b) potassium bicarbonate and (c) lithium citrate than NaCl at a basic pH. Without the addition of NH3, the solution would be acidic, as…

oxidation states

oxidation states 4. The algebraic sum of the oxidation states of all atoms in a impartial molecule have to be zero, while in ions the algebraic sum of the oxidation…